Sleep Testing

Christmas Time and Drug Health for Sleep

It has been and incredible way to help our fellow neighbors when we give out turkeys for the holidays. The dreams we have for holiday cheer are about to come true for when we throw out big party for 2019. The planning process that goes into the new party will be unprecedented in our history. The new wave of how party planning is developed changed our habits throughout the years. Get ready to party and pull out your party pants!

Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STDs) have different signs and symptoms. There are various tests for different STDs depending on how the signs and symptoms manifest. Before a general practitioner recommends a lab test for STDs, they will assess you and get your sexual and medical history first. Among the questions asked to determine a patient’s sexual history are the number of sexual partners you have had and if you have engaged in either protected or unprotected sex. Examining your genital area before referring you to the lab is among the things done. Female persons may be scheduled for a pelvic exam if they are infected. Sometimes those who go for screening and aren’t affected may not be subjected to the pelvic test.

As said earlier, each STD has its way of testing. Testing needs body samples like blood or urine sample, using a cotton swab in the mouth, a swab from the urethra or cervix and a swab from any sores and discharge. The samples with exposure to reactants reveal which specific disease you may be suffering from before prescribing any medication. The doctor can make some tests in his office and those that delicate samples that need to be worked on in the lab will be taken there. Each test has its duration before results can be released. Take a brief time while others need patience.

List of Sexually Transmitted Diseases to Be Tested For

-HIV/AIDS
-Hepatitis
-Chancroid
-Trichomoniasis
-Human Papillomavirus (HPV) & Genital Warts
-Herpes
-Gonorrhea
-Chlamydia
-Bacterial Vaginosis (BV)
-Syphilis
-Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID)

From this piece, you will be able to know the different methods in which one can contract the above STDs, how to identify them through their signs and symptoms, an overview of how the individual tests take place, means of treatment if any or how to contain the disease and preventive measures to take.

HIV/AIDS

Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome is a disease caused by a virus-Human Immunodeficiency Virus, and the agents of transmission are body fluids and blood. The condition occurs in stages, and as the phases advance, the signs and symptoms begin to manifest. However, in the early stages of AIDS, a patient looks healthy and very active. At the symptomatic and full-blown stage, this is when the effects of secondary diseases become visible because the immune system is affected and cannot protect the body against infections. Using a blood sample is the surest way of doing the HIV/AIDS test. A blood sample is drawn from the fingertip or blood veins and taken for testing. Sometimes, a swab taken from the inside part of the cheek undergoes tests. If the first test turns out positive, a second detailed blood test is done to confirm the initial results.

Quick HIV/AIDS test takes between 5 to 20 minutes while the detailed blood test may take until seven days for results to be out. Once one has contracted HIV, it will take six weeks-an elapse of the first stage, window period- for tests to detect that you are suffering from the disease. If you get in contact with blood or body fluid that you are unsure of and have undergone tests for HIV, you will be on post-exposure prophylaxis(PEP) treatment that will reduce the chances of re-occurrence of HIV infection. HIV has no cure, but there is medication given to contain the disease and prevent its effects from taking place quickly.

Hepatitis

Hepatitis exists in three different types, and all are sexually transmitted. Hepatitis A, B, and C are all severe and damage the liver and sometimes lead to cancer of the liver. General symptoms of Hepatitis are fatigue, jaundice, nausea, headache, vomiting, loss of appetite, tenderness and increase in the size of the liver, fever and dark colored urine, skin rashes and joint pain. Testing hepatitis requires a blood sample. Until you there are symptoms of Hepatitis, tests done might not detect the presence of the disease. The tests are done in a laboratory and could take between a couple of days to almost a week before results are out.

The cure for Hepatitis isn’t specific. However, there is medication prescribed to help relieve the symptoms. For hepatitis A and B, there is a vaccine issued and PEP treatment to help prevent the infection from reoccurring. Since the mode of transmission of this disease through sexual activity, abstinence for the unmarried individuals is a good measure to take but in case of need to indulge in sex, use a latex condom to reduce the risk of contracting hepatitis. For couples, being faithful will serve both of you good.

Chancroid

Caused by a bacteria, this STD’s method of transmission is through sexual intercourse, and its main sign is very painful ulcers in the genital area. This disease in women has no symptoms and may take a very long-term before one realizes they have contracted chancroid. Men who are infected will experience very itchy and painful sores on the penis. The ulcers have rough edges and are erosive. If not treated earlier, the tissues next to the wounds die and result in severe infections that may take a long time to counter. To test for chancroid, a doctor examines the sores keenly by the use of a special microscope. Either way, a sample in the form of a swab from the ulcer is cultured and subjected to tests.

Tests take a few days for results to be out. Luckily, chancroid is treatable by using prescribed antibiotics to help relieve the pain and dry the sores. More significant and severe ulcers have to be drained, and dead skin removed and the area is well cleaned. Doing this helps to prevent further infections from occurring. Chancroid can be spread through skin to skin contact therefore before copulation, ensure that you and your partner do not have any kind of sores or ulcers around your genital regions to reduce the risk of infection.

Trichomoniasis

Trichomoniasis is among the most prevalent sexually transmitted diseases. Its signs and symptoms vary with gender. Infected women experience painful urination, swelling of the labia and vulva and secretion of excess greenish or yellowish vaginal discharge that is frothy. In men, symptoms include painful urination and lesions on the penis. However, most infected men rarely have these symptoms. To test for trichomoniasis, a doctor will take a swab sample from the infected region, examine it under a powerful microscope. Results should be out in a few days. If the tests are positive, the doctor schedules for another confirmatory analysis to be done in a month.

Treatment available is prescribed antibiotics to help cure this STD. It is critical for both partners to get treated of trichomoniasis to prevent reinfection which happens so fast. While on antibiotic treatment, you are advised to keep off any alcohol until 48 hours after completing treatment. Exercising caution is necessary because trichomoniasis increases the chances of acquiring HIV. Refraining from sexual intercourse is wise for unmarried individuals. Those who are married should practice monogamy and faithfulness to prevent the risk of getting infected.